Plant and animal diversity is a sign of a healthy ecosystem. This garden is an oasis for many bird species; it provides for their basic needs; food, water, shelter, and a place to raise their young.
Over 300 bird species have been identified in the District of Columbia. Some live here all year round, some stay seasonal, and others pass through on their annual migrations to their summer and winter homes.
Lessons from the Urban Bird Habitat
What can you provide to encourage birds to visit your back yard?
All birds need three basic things from their habitat: food, water, and shelter.
What’s happening in the Urban Bird Habitat?
Birds behave in different ways depending on the time of year. You can help birds find sanctuary on your home garden by planting and pruning with their needs in mind.
What types of plants best attract birds to the garden?
Local and migratory birds have evolved to depend on native plants for food and shelter.
Who is in the Garden?
The Smithsonian Urban Bird Habitat is a joint project of the Smithsonian Gardens and the National Museum of Natural History. Partial funding was provided by the Smithsonian Women’s Committee.
Stories from the Urban Bird Habitat
Learn about Smithsonian Gardens’ effort to establish an Eastern Bluebird Habitat Trail at our greenhouse facility in Suitland, MD by installing nesting boxes with green roofs, two of which are also going up in the Urban Bird Habitat.
Read how two high school students became citizen scientists with Smithsonian Gardens by participating in the Cornell Lab Ornithology Celebrate Urban Birds project.