Tundras are the coldest of the biomes. They are so cold the ground remains frozen all year round—a condition known as permafrost. Plants living there grow low and in clusters, often with small, fuzzy leaves and stems that help conserve heat and moisture. Animals have adapted by growing thick fur or feathers to stay warm.

Plants

Scientific Name Common Name EOL Web Address Additional Resources
Juncus tenuis Poverty Rush https://eol.org/pages/631100 https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=JUTE
Carex eburnea Bristleleaf Sedge https://eol.org/pages/1124526 https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CAEB2
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Bearberry   https://eol.org/pages/583640/names
https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ARUV
https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/arcuva/all.html
Eriophorum callitrix Arctic Cottongrass https://eol.org/pages/1119456 https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ERCA13
Cladonia rangiferina Reindeer Lichen https://eol.org/pages/196466 https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CLRA60

Animals

Scientific Name Common Name EOL Web Address Additional Resources
Lemmus trimucronatus North American Brown Lemming https://eol.org/pages/11022277  
Vulpes lagopus Arctic Fox https://eol.org/pages/46559217 https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Vulpes_lagopus/
Bubo scandiacus Snowy Owl https://eol.org/pages/45510727 https://www.audubon.org/field-guide/bird/snowy-owl