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Bouquet holder, tripod, horn

Object Details

Date
ca.1864
Period
Victorian (1837-1901)
Description
Gilded copper cornucopia or horn of plenty bouquet holder. The cornucopia shape is designed so that the vase and handle are all one. It has a wide, trumpet-like mouth with a surface of smooth copper that curves at the end. Attached to the underside of the lip is a looped-head cotter pin attached by a round-linked chain. A second chain is attached to the tail of the bouquet holder that connects to a ring. This ring allowed the bouquet holder to be worn about the finger or clasped at the waist to a chatelaine. This bouquet holder also has a stand with an elaborate spring mechanism. The legs are released by sliding the lever on the back. This would allow the bouquet holder to act as a free standing table or mantle ornament.
Label Text
Flowers used for personal adornment were a popular, almost mandatory, fashion accessory in the nineteenth century. Small bouquets, called nosegays, posies, or tussie mussies were carried by debutantes, matrons, and girls, and they were a popular gift in the mid to late 1800s among friends and suitors. They were typically created in concentric rings of flowers, tightly wound together, and were often tied with ribbon or placed in a bouquet holder depending on the tastes and fashions. By the 1830s carrying small bouquets of flowers in decorative holders was an established fashion accessory of the upper class and royalty of Europe. These small accessories, also known as posy holders, ‘porte-bouquets’, and ‘bouquetiers’ were both decorative as well as useful. By providing a water source in the bottom of the receptacle, they were able to keep the flowers fresh throughout an occasion, and they also protected the wearer’s gloves or clothing from being stained by the plant pigments. Queen Victoria helped popularize the bouquet holder, and she is seen holding one in her portrait “Queen Victoria at the Drury Lane Theatre, November 1837” painted by E.T. Parris. When the fashion of carrying hand bouquets in decorative holders caught the fancy of the wealthy and middle class, holders were copied and mass produced in a variety of sizes, materials, and embellishments. During the second half of the nineteenth century, holders might be commissioned or purchased from the stock at a jeweler or florist shop. Few were made in the United States, instead they were usually imported from Europe and Asia. They were often given as a commemorative memento of historic encounters or events by the royalty and courts of Europe, but they were also used to celebrate and commemorate important, though less prestigious, events of the wealthy and middle class. Bouquet holders reached the peak of their popularity between the 1830s and 1880s, but it began to dwindle as bouquets of long-stemmed flowers (the latest horticultural development) loosely tied with ribbons surpassed the posy bouquet style. They were not totally out of fashion until the “Roaring Twenties,” when such objects became regarded as trivial and useless. The diversity of styles and mechanisms of bouquet holders is evidence of their longevity as a fashion accessory.
Inscription(s)
"E.S.M. 1 Jan 1864" above legs
Origin
Great Britain, possibly
Topic
bouquet holders
bouquetiers
copper
gilding
porte-bouquets
porte-fleurs
Posy holders
tussie-mussies
costume accessories
decorative arts
fashion
Victoriana
See more items in
Horticultural Artifacts Collection
Credit Line
Smithsonian Gardens, Horticultural Artifacts Collection. Gift of Frances Jones Poetker.
Data Source
Smithsonian Gardens
Accession number
FJP.1987.062
Type
Bouquet holders
Restrictions & Rights
CC0
Medium
Gilded copper
Dimensions
4 1/2 × 2 3/4 in. (11.4 × 7 cm)
GUID
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/aq47f5bca8b-8d61-4df4-95af-3b07dd7a26be
Record ID
hac_FJP.1987.062
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