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Bouquet holder, filigree and scrollwork

Object Details

See more items in
Horticultural Artifacts Collection
Exhibition
Floral Fashions: From Bouquets to Buttonholes
On View
Smithsonian Institution, Quadrangle, S. Dillon Ripley Center
Date
ca.1830-1920
Period
Victorian (1837-1901)
Accession number
FJP.1987.063
Description
Silver filigree bouquet holder. The upper portion of the vase is composed of seven petals filled with a network of filigree volutes, swirls, and concentric ellipses. Below the lip, a star within a circle is supported by the design below. There are two well defined holes opposite one another for a floral pin. The pin would be inserted through the vase to pierce the stems of a bouquet in order to secure the flowers inside the holder. The next section incorporates concentric circles and ovals which creates a floral motif. A chain attachment on this portion would likely have connected to the floral pin. A neck band connect the upper vase and handle portions. The handle portion is filigree and the interior is open so it acts as part of the vase. When a bouquet is placed inside, the stems of the flowers would extend the length of the bouquet holder. The handle terminates with a sphere of concentric oval panels. A large loop on the end would likely have connected a ring on a chain. The ring would allow the bouquet holder to be worn from the finger or on a chatelaine at the waist to free the lady's hands while dancing.
Label Text
Flowers used for personal adornment were a popular, almost mandatory, fashion accessory in the nineteenth century. Small bouquets, called nosegays, posies, or tussie mussies were carried by debutantes, matrons, and girls, and they were a popular gift in the mid to late 1800s among friends and suitors. They were typically created in concentric rings of flowers, tightly wound together, and were often tied with ribbon or placed in a bouquet holder depending on the tastes and fashions. By the 1830s carrying small bouquets of flowers in decorative holders was an established fashion accessory of the upper class and royalty of Europe. These small accessories, also known as posy holders, ‘porte-bouquets’, and ‘bouquetiers’ were both decorative as well as useful. By providing a water source in the bottom of the receptacle, they were able to keep the flowers fresh throughout an occasion, and they also protected the wearer’s gloves or clothing from being stained by the plant pigments. Queen Victoria helped popularize the bouquet holder, and she is seen holding one in her portrait “Queen Victoria at the Drury Lane Theatre, November 1837” painted by E.T. Parris. When the fashion of carrying hand bouquets in decorative holders caught the fancy of the wealthy and middle class, holders were copied and mass produced in a variety of sizes, materials, and embellishments. During the second half of the nineteenth century, holders might be commissioned or purchased from the stock at a jeweler or florist shop. Few were made in the United States, instead they were usually imported from Europe and Asia. They were often given as a commemorative memento of historic encounters or events by the royalty and courts of Europe, but they were also used to celebrate and commemorate important, though less prestigious, events of the wealthy and middle class. Bouquet holders reached the peak of their popularity between the 1830s and 1880s, but it began to dwindle as bouquets of long-stemmed flowers (the latest horticultural development) loosely tied with ribbons surpassed the posy bouquet style. They were not totally out of fashion until the “Roaring Twenties,” when such objects became regarded as trivial and useless. The diversity of styles and mechanisms of bouquet holders is evidence of their longevity as a fashion accessory.
Credit Line
Smithsonian Gardens, Horticultural Artifacts Collection. Gift of Frances Jones Poetker.
Topic
bouquet holders
bouquetiers
filigree
porte-bouquets
porte-fleurs
Posy holders
silver
tussie-mussies
costume accessories
decorative arts
fashion
Victoriana
Origin
Italy, possibly
Medium
Silver
Dimensions
6 1/2 × 3 in. (16.5 × 7.6 cm)
Data Source
Smithsonian Gardens
Restrictions & Rights
CC0
Type
Bouquet holders
GUID
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/aq43271eaed-ac60-45ee-9f39-dfe506794549
Record ID
hac_FJP.1987.063
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