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Carya tomentosa

Object Details

Description
The most common hickory across its range, the mockernut hickory likely takes its common name from the pitiful amount of fruit it has inside such a thick shell. The Latin name of this tree refers to the fuzzy undersides of its leaves.
Hardiness
-30 - 30 F
Attracts
Larval host for luna moth (Actias luna), funerary dagger moth (Acronicta funeralis), giant regal moth (Citheronia regalis).
Bloom Time
April to May
Ethnobotanical Uses
Strong wood has been used to make tool handles, fence posts, and arrow shafts. Cherokee have used inner bark to make baskets and dress cuts.
Medicinal / Pharmaceutical
The Cherokee have used the inner bark of this tree to make a tea to treat colds and other conditions.
Provenance
From a cultivated plant not of known wild origin
Range
S Ontario to C and E USA
Habitat
Hillsides, ridges; 0-2950ft (0-900m)
Topic
Trees
Living Collections
See more items in
Smithsonian Gardens Tree Collection
On Display
Anacostia Community Museum
Data Source
Smithsonian Gardens
Accession Number
2019-0227A
Restrictions & Rights
Usage conditions apply
Common Name
Mockernut Hickory
Group
[vascular plants]
Class
Equisetopsida
Subclass
Magnoliidae
Superorder
Rosanae
Order
Fagales
Family
Juglandaceae
Genus
Carya
Species
tomentosa
Life Form
Deciduous tree
Bark Characteristics
Grey bark develops ridges and furrows as it matures.
Bloom Characteristics
Green catkins. Male flowers droop and are up to 6" (15.25 cm) long. Female flowers grow in clusters of short spikes.
Fall Color
Yellow
Foliage Characteristics
Compound leaf is made up of 5-7 leaflets. Leaflets are ovate-lanceolate, serrated, green, and hairy underneath. Leaves are 6-12" (15.25-30.5 cm) long, leaflets are 3-6" (7.6-15.25 cm) long.
Fruit Characteristics
Round nut is surrounded by a brown husk which splits into four parts when mature in fall. Edible to humans, but small and difficult to remove from husk.
Plant Size
60-80' tall x 40-60' wide (18.3-24.4 x 12.2-18.3 m)
GUID
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ax7dd63be5f-275e-4617-a8d9-c3ca038c043b
Record ID
ofeo-sg_2019-0227A
Photographed by: Hannele Lahti
Photographed by: Hannele Lahti
Photographed by: Hannele Lahti
Photographed by: Hannele Lahti
Photographed by: Hannele Lahti
Photographed by: Hannele Lahti
Photographed by: Hannele Lahti
Photographed by: Hannele Lahti
Photographed by: Hannele Lahti
Photographed by: Hannele Lahti
Photographed by: Hannele Lahti
Photographed by: Hannele Lahti
Photographed by: Hannele Lahti
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